1. Is respectful to everyone on the panel, even if s/he disagrees personally.
2. Makes sure that everyone has a chance to speak, even if some are shy and don’t jump in.
3. Goes beyond the scope of the basic, least interesting questions.
4. Resists the easy temptation to allow the audience to run the panel.
5. Does the brave thing and shuts down microphone hogs, even if they are friends.
6. Is flexible enough to go with the flow of the panel, throwing out previously useful questions and inventing new ones.
7. Does some work beforehand, figuring out who panel members are, what their expertise is, and thinking up at least a handful of beginning questions.
8. Introduces the audience to the panel and to the style of the panel first and foremost, so that everyone knows what to expect.
9. Makes sure that the panel does not devolve into name calling.
10. Steers the conversation back to something at least related to the panel topic, even when the diversions might be very interesting.
11. Suggests which people might have prejudices toward certain answers because of their background and training, but without being insulting or condescending.
12. Arrives early and makes sure everyone knows that s/he is moderating, so there is no confusion or panic.
13. Has a watch and keeps track of time, so that there’s a good chance to end on the right note.